Kirtipur: The City with History and Culture - NELOMASI


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Wednesday, July 24, 2019

Kirtipur: The City with History and Culture

Kirtipur is an ancient city with the historical essence, rich culture and hospitality, stunning landscape views and several monuments. Kirtipur is situated on a hill which offers the landscape view of the city and the mountain peaks. It is at the distance of 5km south-west from the Kathmandu.

The word “Kirtipur” comes from Sanskrit terms meaning Kritias glory and puras a city. Kritipuris also cited as “Kipoo” in the colloquial term.

Kirtipur: The City with History and Culture

Kirtipur was originally a Newar foundation, and it still is a center of Newar culture.

This township went into backwater following its final defeat (Third attempt) in 1767 at the hand of the Gorkhali King Prithvi Narayan Shah. But this city still retains its old glory in art and culture.

So, those who enjoy basking in antiquity, should never miss to go around this historic place to have a closes-up views of the typical lifestyle of its Newar inhabitants and their greatly valued abilities in the manufacture of textiles and many handicrafts.

The height of Kirtipur also make it a favoured place for viewing the Kathmandu Valley as well as the Himalayas in the distant north.

Places to Visit in Kirtipur

Bagh Bhairab Temple
The temple of Bagh Bhairab is one of the popular places in Kiratpur and is one of the most important temples dedicated to the God Bhairab in the form of an angry tiger. 

Shri Kirti Bihar
Shri Kriti Bihatis built in a traditional Thai architectural style. Located near the entrance of Kirtipur, Shri Kirti Bihar is a Theravada Buddhist monastery. It is a small yet attractive and clean monastery. Characterized by the small windows, slanted roof and several of tiny stupas, this monastery is a beautiful piece of art.

Chilancho Stupa
Chilancho stupa was established in the medieval period and is located on the southern hill of Kirtipur. The stupa is one of the most important historical stupas of Kirtipur as an inscription of Nepal Sambat 635, which is the reign of Licchavi Period was found here.

Uma Maheshwor Temple
It is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Kirtipur. Uma Maheshworam constructed in 1655 AD by the son of King Siddhi Narsingh Malla, Rautra Vishwanath Nanu. The temple suffered damages from the earthquake in 1832 AD and again after its restoration. After the contribution will local people and government the temple was restored in 1982 AD.

The temple is a pagoda-style three-storied temple and has a very artistic stone gate at the entrance. While the main deities of the temple are Lord Shiva and Parvati, there are images of other deities as well as of Goddess Saraswati and Mahismardini. The architectural design of the temple is impressive too. The wooden doors, pillars, and beams of the temple are carted with the artistic figure of various gods and goddess.

Newa Lahana
Newa Lahana is a Newar restaurant, which is popular not only in Kirtipur but as well as in Kathmandu.

This restaurant is run by a people of Thambhaltole of Kirtipur. They joined together to preserve and promote the Newar culture of this place. This place is visited by many people to taste its authentic cuisine if not for sightseeing. Everything that is served in Newa Lahana from the sitting mat to the serving plate, they all are purely traditional and in totally Nepali style. The food served is no wonder the best. Also, the wine of Newa Lahana is very popular.

Taudaha Lake
Taudaha Lake is another popular spot of Kirtipur. The meaning of Taudha is Snake Lake. The lake is named as per the myth around the place.

It is said that, when Manjushree cut the hill off, the water in Kathmandu valley drains out, many lakes and pond were formed, Taudaha is one of them. After the lake water was drained, many Nagas (half human and half serpent as per Hindu mythology) became homeless making the King of Nagas angry. 

To avoid the wrath of Nagas King, the locals built an underwater palace in Taudaha with precious stones and treasures. The king became very happy with this and ruled his serpents underwater promising to protect the locals around the lake. People do not swim in the lake because of this belief.

Champa Devi Hill
The Champa Devi Hill is a beautiful hill with 2285 meter high. The Hill is famous for hiking during the New Year time. Buddhist and Hindu shrines are also located at the top of this hill. It is one of the finest walking destinations, simple, brief and pleasant, which takes about 4 hours to reach the peak.

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