About Kathmandu City

Kathmandu is the capital, most developed, and largest city of Nepal. The city is located in the heart of the Himalaya Mountains and is very rich is history and culture. Some people considered Kathmandu as one of the most beautiful of the earliest cities of the world that dates back as early as 185 AD.

Kathhmandu City

Kathmandu City got its name from a structure in Durbar Square called Kasthamandap, meaning "wood covered shelter". The city is also sometimes called ‘Kantipur’ by the Newars, the native people of Kathmandu.

The city has a temperate climate and experiences 4 seasons in a year. It has an altitude of 1336 meters above the sea level.

Each and every custom, traditions, art and literature are all based on the city of Kathmandu’s spirituality. They were formed since ancient times and have further enriched the local artistic tradition.

As you travel in the city, you will notice the high level of craftsmanship and exquisite work of art of their ancient local artisans. Many tourists describe the city as a huge ancient living museum. Kathmandu has a remarkable wealth of architectural structures. It does not only comprise hundreds of temples, stupas and open shrines but 106 monastic courtyards as well. The most amazing cultural wealth of Kathmandu is located in the middle of the city. The flamboyant and majestic structures that stand in the city are intimately linked with the day to day lives of the Nepali. The temples provide places for worship and are the location for annual feasts which are 133 feasts in a year. UNESCO listed four of the temple locations as World Heritage Sites. The four locations of the temples are the Hanumandhoka Durbar Square, Swayambhunath, Pashupatinath and Bouddhanath.

Kathmandu Attractions

One of the major reasons why people tour Kathmandu is the richness of culture of the place.

Rato Machhendranath Temple
- south of Durbar Square
- the Rato Machchhendranath is the god of of rain and plenty.
- to Buddhists, he is an incarnation of Avalokiteshvara whilst with Hindus, he is Shiva.
- the 3 storey temple stands in a large courtyard and has been there since 1673.

Temple of Kumari (Kumari Ghar)
- residence of Kumari, the living goddess.
- the building’s wooden balconies and window screens have been intricately carved.
- it is believed that Kumari acknowledges the greetings of the people from her balcony window.
- photography is not allowed in this area.

Kasthamandap
- believed to be built by King Laxmi Narsingha Malla in the 16th century and it is believed that the wood from this structure came only for a single trees
- this is the structure where Kathmandu got its name from.
Jaishi Dewal
- a structure that is famous for its erotic carvings.
Martyr’s Memorial (Sahid) Gate
- a memorial arch located between Bhimsen Stambha and Bhadrakali temple. The memorial arch contains the statue of the King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah, the late king of Nepal together with the busts of four martyrs.


Bhadrakali Temple
- at the eastern edge of the Tundikhel, near Shahid Gate is the temple of Goddess Bhadrakali. The said temple is also known as Lumarshi Temple and is considered as one of the main "Shakta" temples in Kathmandu.

Singha Durbar
- the grand palace built was on the neo-classical style.
- Currently, this is the residence of the Secretariat of His Majesty’s Government of Nepal.

Kesar Library
- rare and valuable manuscripsts and books are housed in this library.
- this is located inside the premises of Ministry of Education.

Balaju Water Garden
- located about five kilometers North-west of Kathmandu, the Garden features water fountains with 22 water spouts carved in the shape of crocodiles or sea dragons that dates back from the mid eighteenth century.
- a fish pond and a swimming pool are also inside the park.

National Museum
- located 2 and a half kilometers west of Kathmandu, the museum has a magnificent collection of ancient weapons and artifacts of Nepal.

Natural History Museum
- 3 kilometers west from Kathmandu city, it is located behind the famous Swoyambhunath. This museum as an exotic collection of flora and fauna found within the country. Photography inside the museum is not allowed.

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